Learning or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder assessments are used by psychologists to identify and characterize factors that contribute to academic or occupational performance. Often these problems become apparent in early school-age children. In other cases, there may have been subtle clues but become more apparent in college or other high demand situations. Through interviews and standardized testing, psychologists are able to determine if problems are due to neurological dysfunction or other factors such as depression, anxiety, sleep deprivation, or medical problems. Assessments involve an interview with a psychologist and administration of psychological tests. These tests may be pen-and-paper, self-report questionnaires, or computerized tests. The tests are standardized, which means they are given in exactly the same way to every patient. The results are then compared to those of healthy individuals with the same demographic background. While test scores are an important piece of the puzzle, a psychologist uses all data available to formulate impressions.
Why was LD or ADHD assessment recommended?
LD/ADHD assessments are recommended for a variety of reasons, including:
- determine if difficulties in school are related to brain dysfunction or other factors
- assisting in developing individualized educational plans
- assist in treatment recommendations
- assist in developing compensatory strategies for more efficient work
How long will an assessment take?
LD/ADHD assessments can take from 1 1/2 hours to all day, depending on the type and reasons for the assessment. Also, assessments may require completion of checklists by teachers and parents, and on site observation. You should be informed of the expected duration when you schedule your appointment.
How does one prepare for a psychological assessment?
LD/ADHD tests are not ones that require studying. There is no "pass" or "fail" on these tests, but rather they identify areas of strengths and weaknesses. Therefore, coming to the appointment well-rested and giving one's best effort is sufficient preparation.